Archive

Expressions

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1. A Hard Day’s Night (1964) – The Beatles
2. The Sound of Music (1965) – Rodgers and Hammerstein
3. Saturday Night Fever (1977) – Bee Gees/Various
4. West Side Story (1961) – L. Bernstein/S. Sondheim
5. The Wizard of Oz (1939) – Harold Arlen/Cast
6. Superfly (1972) – Curtis Mayfield
7. The Graduate (1967) – Simon & Garfunkel
8. The Godfather (1972) – Nino Rota
9. Purple Rain (1984) – Prince

10. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) – Various
11. Oklahoma! (1955) – Rodgers and Hammerstein
12. The Harder They Come (1973) – Various
13. Psycho (1960) – Bernard Herrmann
14. Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs (1937) – Frank Churchill/Larry Morey
15. American Graffiti (1973) – Various
16. Vertigo (1958) – Bernard Herrmann
17. Trainspotting (1996) – Various
18. My Fair Lady (1964) – Various
19. Gone With the Wind (1939) – Max Steiner
20. Mary Poppins (1964) – Richard and Robert Sherman

21. Once Upon a Time in the West (1969) – Ennio Morricone
22. Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973) – Bob Dylan
23. Pinocchio (1940) – Leigh Harline and Ned Washington
24. Goldfinger (1964) – John Barry
25. Singin’ In the Rain (1952) – Arthur Freed and Nacio Herb Brown
26. Star Wars (1977) – John Williams
27. Grease (1978) – Various
28. Pulp Fiction (1994) – Various
29. Doctor Zhivago (1965) – Maurice Jarre
30. The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975) – Richard O’Brien

31. Easy Rider (1969) – Various
32. Ben-Hur (1959) – Miklos Rozsa
33. Help! (1965) – The Beatles
34. Bride of Frankenstein (1935) – Franz Waxman
35. Performance (1970) – Jack Nitzsche
36. The Band Wagon (1953) – Arthur Schwartz and Howard Deitz
37. Chinatown (1974) – Jerry Goldsmith
38. Cabaret (1972) – John Kander and Fred Ebb
39. King Kong (1933) – Max Steiner
40. Shaft (1971) – Isaac Hayes

41. Lawrence of Arabia (1962) – Maurice Jarre
42. Carousel (1956) – Rodgers and Hammerstein
43. The Pink Panther (1964) – Henry Mancini
44. Anatomy of a Murder (1959) – Duke Ellington
45. Let It Be (1970) – The Beatles
46. Fantasia (1940) – Various
47. The Magnificent Seven (1960) – Elmer Bernstein
48. Meet Me In St. Louis (1944) – Hugh Martin and Ralph Blaine
49. The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) – Erich Wolfgang Korngold
50. Oliver! (1968) – Lionel Bart

51. The Sting (1973) – Marvin Hamlisch
52. Funny Girl (1968) – Walter Scharf and Julie Styne
53. Jaws (1975) – John Williams
54. Woodstock (1970) – Various
55. The Music Man (1962) – Meredith Willson
56. O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000) – Various
57. Amadeus (1984) – Various
58. The King and I (1956) – Rodgers and Hammerstein
59. Beat Street (1984) – Various
60. The Man With the Golden Arm (1955) – Elmer Bernstein

61. The Mission (1986) – Ennio Morricone
62. Pretty in Pink (1986) – Various
63. Taxi Driver (1976) – Bernard Herrmann
64. The Last Waltz (1978) – The Band
65. Jailhouse Rock (1957) – Leiber and Stoller/Elvis Presley
66. Singles (1992) – Various
67. Manhattan (1979) – George Gershwin
68. South Park: Bigger, Longer and Uncut (1999) – Trey Parker and Marc Shaiman
69. Magnolia (1999) – Aimee Mann
70. Spartacus (1960) – Alex North

71. Pump Up the Volume (1971) – Various
72. Ragtime (1981) – Randy Newman
73. Tommy (1975) – Pete Townshend/Various
74. The Moderns (1988) – Mark Isham
75. Repo Man (1984) – Various
76. A Clockwork Orange (1971) – Walter Carlos
77. The Sweet Hereafter (1997) – Mychael Danna
78. Out of Africa (1985) – John Barry
79. Stop Making Sense (1984) – Talking Heads
80. Beauty and the Beast (1991) – Howard Ashman and Alan Menken

81. Local Hero (1983) – Mark Knopfler
82. Do the Right Thing (1989) – Branford Marsalis/Public Enemy
83. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) – Tan Dun
84. Rushmore (1998) – Various
85. Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence (1984) – Ryuichi Sakamoto
86. This Is Spinal Tap (1984) – Spinal Tap
87. The Long Riders (1980) – Ry Cooder
88. Waiting to Exhale (1995) – Babyface/Whitney Houston
89. Jackie Brown (1997) – Various
90. To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) – Elmer Bernstein

91. Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2001) – John Cameron Mitchell
92. The Piano (1993) – Michael Nyman
93. The Virgin Suicides (2000) – Air
94. Planet of the Apes (1968) – Jerry Goldsmith
95. Good Will Hunting (1997) – Danny Elfman/Elliot Smith
96. Above the Rim (1994) – Various
97. Nashville (1975) – Various
98. Beetlejuice (1988) – Danny Elfman
99. One From the Heart (1982) – Tom Waits/Crystal Gayle
100. Blue Velvet (1986) – Angelo Badalamenti

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Of the many best loved traditions in America, the donning of costumes is at the top of the list. Many, many years ago, in times past, adults began dressing in elaborate costumes for Halloween parties, also known as Masquerade parties, long before it became an annual event for children. Dressing up in Halloween costumes is a recent tradition that developed in the twentieth century. The first store bought Halloween costumes were not available before the 1930’s.

With the holiday being very loosely based on old Celtic legends about the closeness between the mundane world and that of the spirits at this time of year and the Catholic Church’s celebration of their saints, it is no wonder that Halloween costumes have taken on a rather macabre appearance.

The modern Halloween holiday is loosely based on the old Celtic holiday, Samhain, when the veil between the “real” world and the spirit world was considered to be very thin. There is little wonder why Halloween costumes have a creepy and spooky, or even down-right frightening appearance.

With the advent of Hollywood movies beginning to appear all over the country around this time, actors like Lon Chaney, known for his Wolf-Man character and Bela Lugosi, who brought to life the vampire Count Dracula, gave the country the perfect creepy inspiration for Halloween costumes.

Witches, blood thirsty vampires, moaning ghosts, vicious werewolves and many other frightening monsters became the popular choices of trick or theaters every where. Thus the American idea of a creepy Halloween was born. Dressing in costumes gives one the opportunity to “let their hair down” and be someone else for a while, all in good fun of course.

With the increasing popularity of “tricks or treats”, children soon joined the adults in costumes and before long Halloween night was filled with spooky, creepy, frightening, or even funny and cute costumed folks going door to door begging for goodies.

Some enterprising business person saw the marketing possibilities for Halloween costumes and soon there was much more available than just frightening monsters. A veritable plethora of pirates, fairies, clowns and superheroes, such as Batman and Superman began showing up alongside more traditional costumes. This idea continues to develop with the changing times and current costume trends include firefighters and police officers as well as various military uniforms from around the world and historical outfits like Roman soldiers or even a medieval Knight.

Au-dessus des torts, le ciel est devenue rougeâtre, et, avec le soir naissant, les rues se sont animées. Les cinémas du quartiers ont déversé dans la rue un flot de spectateurs. Parmi eux, les jeunes gens avaient gestes plus décidés que d’habitude et j’ai pensé qu’ils avaient vu un film d’aventures. Les jeunes filles du quartier se tenaient le bras. Les jeunes gens s’étaient arrangés pour les croiser et ils lançaient des plaisanteries dont elles riaient en détournant la tête.  

Les lampes de la rue se sont alors allumés brusquement et elles ont fait pâlir les premières étoiles qui montaient dans la nuit. J’ai senti mes yeux se fatiguer à regarder les trottoirs avec leur chargement d’hommes et de lumières. Les lampes faisaient luire le pavé mouillé, et les tramways, à intervalles réguliers, mettaient leurs reflets sur des cheveux brillants, un sourire ou un bracelet d’argent. Peu après, avec les tramways plus rares et la nuit déjà noire au-dessus des arbres et des lampes, le quartier s’est vidé insensiblement, jusqu’à ce que le premier chat traverse lentement la rue de nouveau déserte.

Albert CAMUS, L’Etranger.

How like a winter hath my absence been
From thee, the pleasure of the fleeting year!
What freezings have I felt, what dark days seen!
What old December’s bareness everywhere!
And yet this time removed was summer’s time,
The teeming autumn, big with rich increase,
Bearing the wanton burden of the prime,
Like widowed wombs after their lords’ decease:
Yet this abundant issue seemed to me
But hope of orphans, and unfathered fruit,
For summer and his pleasures wait on thee,
And thou away, the very birds are mute.
Or, if they sing, ’tis with so dull a cheer,
That leaves look pale, dreading the winter’s near.
W.S.